Darwinian Biology Questioned; Missing “The Guiding Hand”

It has been said: “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.” [The American Biology Teacher 1973] By that statement biologists imply the theory of Darwinian evolution has gaping holes in it but it’s all we’ve got.

Darwinian biologists had their backs pressed to the wall when it was called to their attention that the fossil record does not exhibit a clearly progressive development of life forms. Furthermore there were missing transitional forms of life in the fossil record to show development into new species, the so-called “missing links.”

To explain that, biology came up with punctuated equilibrium – – that new species appear out of nowhere due to rapid sporadic changes in DNA. [Got Questions] Neo-Darwinism moves evolution from the slow lane to the fast lane.

Slow versus fast evolution

Biologists who embrace Darwinian evolution (slow progressive changes in life forms over millions of years that yield new species) have difficulty explaining themselves these days.

Readers can view, in graphic form, how Darwinian evolutionists portray 6 million years of human evolution (in just a 1-minute presentation). [YouTube]

Proposed mechanism of Darwinian evolution

The only biological mechanism proposed for evolution is genetic, namely gene mutations — abnormal rearrangements (mutations) of the nucleotides that comprise the rungs on the DNA ladder. [Nature 1953; Evolution Berkeley]

Very recently evolutionary biologists propose a “self-modifying restructuring of DNA within cells” to explain new species rather than the dated idea of a “series of accidental genetic modifications.” [Biology June 8, 2015] Huh? Billions of cells get the same self-modifying message to restructure their own DNA at the same time?

A new/old explanation from Lamarck

Compare the prevalent idea that gene mutations explain evolutionary changes in living organisms to produce new species versus the old (new) idea that living organisms respond to environmental factors and pass on altered characteristics (not mutations) to the next generation (epigenetics). [Genetics Aug 2013]

This “new” explanation is attributed to Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a naturalist in the 1800s. Lamarckian evolution is now called a paradigm shift in evolutionary biology as a reality rather than a theory.

Unlike Darwinian evolution, Lamarckian evolution has been demonstrated. A semi-starvation (calorie restricted)-induced pattern of gene regulation in one generation, known to double the lifespan of living organisms, increases lifespan in the third generation! [Cell July 2014] Yes, longevity is passed on to succeeding generations without changes in DNA sequencing.

Unlike slow millions of years Darwinian evolution, Lamarckian evolution has been convincingly demonstrated in just a relatively short time span. [Biology Direct 2012]

Its mechanism is epigenetics, not alterations in the structure of DNA (mutations) but rather dynamic changes in the protein-making properties of DNA called epigenetics. Environmental factors (radiation, temperature, nutrition) cause genes to switch on or off.

When genes make proteins (gene expression) or cease making proteins (gene silencing), more immediate changes can be observed. These changes don’t require millions of years as postulated by the Darwinian model.

Lasting epigenetic changes, cast in DNA, are called epigenetic imprinting. Epigenetic imprinting largely takes place at the beginning of life and generally stays put in the organism. [Learn Genetics] However, this genetic programming is not locked in. Genes can also be reprogrammed later in life via epigenetics. [Reviews Endocrine Metabolic Disorders June 2007]

Epigenetics trumps genetics

This author has received reports of inherited color blindness, Leber’s hereditary optic nerve disease and dyslexia being reversed by taking a red wine pill (resveratrol), a molecular mimic of a calorie restricted diet. News of this is what is being suppressed in biology.

The Galapagos Islands observations

Epigenetic change must be what Charles Darwin observed when he visited the Galapagos Islands and drew eloquent sketches of bird beaks that changed shape in just a short period of time in order to adapt to the seasonal changes in the size of seeds the birds ate. In other words, Darwin couldn’t have observed changes that take millions of years.

However, modern followers of Darwin who also observe rapid changes in bird beaks nonsensically explain these changes are due to inter-generational breeding. [National Geographic 2015] But Darwin observed these changes with his own eyes within a 2-month period of time when he visited the Galapagos, not over many generations.

Darwinian and Lamarckian evolution now a blur

Biologists now concede that: “epigenetic changes correlate with the evolutionary history of Darwin’s finches.” [Genome Biology & Evolution July 24, 2014]

The difference between so-called neo-Darwinian evolution and Lamarckian evolution may now be a blur. [Genome Biology Evolution 2015; Biology Direct 2009]

The major difference between Darwinian evolution and Lamarckian evolution is speed, something biologists for some reason ignore. Darwinian evolution is slow – millions of years. Lamarckian evolution is fast, within the existing generation and passed on to immediate succeeding generations.

No, monkeys don’t evolve into humans (another species) overnight because of environmentally controlled genes (epigenetics).

However, characteristics of living species can be altered without any changes in the sequential pattern of nucleotides in the DNA ladder via epigenetics. But less than 3% of research papers in comparative biology mention epigenetics. [Journal Experimental Biology March 1, 2014] That is because epigenetics trumps the illusory Darwinian dogma of biological change.

Microbial evolution

Almost comically, the field of evolutionary biology explains itself away. It uses rapidly mutating bacteria and viruses to explain biological change. If you would like to watch a video, you can see the tuberculosis mycobacterium mutate so rapidly it becomes fully resistant to antibiotics in just 11 days. [YouTube.com] This is posed as an example of evolution.

Wait a minute. I thought Darwinian evolution was slow, very slow – millions of years. And maybe we have a new strain of bacteria, but it is still a bacterium, it has not evolved into an elephant.

Microbial evolution represents what is called horizontal evolution. No new species are formed, just variants of the same organism. [Frontiers Cellular Infection in Microbiology Sept 2012]

Mendelian evolution

There is another model to explain change in biology. Gregor Mendel’s experiments that showed the cross-breeding of a red flower with a white flower can produce a pink flower in succeeding generations. [Mendel’s Genetics] Mendelian genetics explains variation, not new species.

The dead end of personalized medicine

Today we have the idiotic idea of personalized medicine where the genetic makeup (sequencing of nucleotides and mutations in the DNA ladder) is proposed as a way to conquer disease. But only ~2% of disease is genetically inherited. Much of this congenital disease is represented by single gene mutations often resulting in storage disorders (buildup of cellular debris such as cholesterol in arteries, beta amyloid in the brain, lipofuscin in the retina).

Small molecules produce profound changes

Most chronic disease is epigenetic, is environmentally/diet influenced and involves networks of hundreds of genes. Small molecules that can enter the genetic machinery of living cells, like those found in grapes, apples, tea leaves and spices (resveratrol, quercetin, catechin, turmeric/curcumin) are said to be “promiscuous” and exert broad action over many genes. Resveratrol (res-vair-ah-trol) is unusually promiscuous, that is, switches hundreds of genes. [Annals New York Academy Science Jan 2011]

Combinations of small natural molecules have been shown to exert synergistic rather than just additive biologic action. [Phytomedicine 2012; Planta Medica 2012; Translational Oncology 2008]

The most profound demonstration of molecular synergism on record was demonstrated when a matrix of combined small molecules (resveratrol, quercetin, rice bran — Longevinex®) was shown to significantly alter 1711 (9-fold more) genes compared to just 225 genes by resveratrol alone and 198 by calorie restriction in just 12-weeks in the animal lab. [Experimental Gerontology 2008]

Fooling school kids

A problem is what kids are being taught about the origins of life in public school is archaic and is originally based upon simplistic observations by Charles Darwin a century ago.

Darwin was a naturalist who had a bone to pick with the Biblical account of creation. Darwin’s idea of evolution was not based on any scientific experiments, just his drawings or bird beaks, with new species later (1953, with the discovery of DNA) mistakenly attributed to gene mutations, when we now know that epigenetic gene imprinting and Mendelian genetics explain biological inheritance via adaptation and variation.

So far, no mechanism for new species, whether gradual over millions of years (Darwinian evolution) or rapidly appearing sporadic new species, has been presented.

CRISPR: controlled evolution

Oh, there is CRISPR, which is the intentional replacement of unwanted genes with those more to our liking, which can now be used to overcome single-gene mutation-induced diseases like Huntington’s disease and Down’s syndrome. Some biologists now ask why evolution needs to be understood when it can now be humanly controlled. [Schaecter Blog] Biologists now say they can hijack evolution. [Statnews.com] Biologists say, while gene mutations produce diseases, CRISPR can produce favorable mutations. [Mediceine Sciences 2016] In other words, man can now direct evolution (play God).

Missing: the “guiding hand”

Which begs this question: did a “guiding hand” insert different genes like CRISP does to produce different species?

Evolutionary biologists warn of this kind of thinking since they believe adaptation and design are not driven by an “invisible power of life.” [Trends in Ecology & Evolution Oct 2015]

But even in the Darwinian model of evolution, something is directing the progressive development of life over millions of years.

As previously state, so far, modern biology has explained horizontal changes in living organisms – different varieties and adaptations. Vertical evolution (new species) go unexplained.

There is no evidence for vertical evolution from an ape-like common ancestor to a human being, despite this being depicted in many cartoon-like drawings in biology textbooks.

What school kids are being taught today about the origins of life and man are not what biologists are talking about in the lab. Darwinian evolution is being questioned and adaptive changes via Lamarckian evolution (epigenetics) are being embraced. But again, epigenetics does not explain any progression from ape to man or this would be observable in the laboratory today.

Evolutionists are backed up to their own 1-yard line. They have had to alter the classical definition of evolution away from the implausibly slow progressive biological change that takes millions of years and incorporate Lamarckian environmental factors into the evolutionary equation.

We don’t know

Why can’t scientists just say “we don’t know” rather than ridiculing creationists who at least have an explanation for the origin of man (Adam & Eve). Creation cannot be examined in a lab dish because it, by definition, required the hand of God who breathed life into a human being. Unless some biologist can summon God into the laboratory, that experiment cannot be repeated. ©2016 Bill Sardi, Knowledge of Health

 

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